Complete dentures, sometimes called full dentures, are a removable prosthesis that can be used to replace missing teeth. The denture teeth are made out of porcelain or acrylic and held together by an acrylic base.
Some patients have only an upper denture, some only a lower and some have both upper and lower complete dentures. Complete dentures may be needed when you lose all your teeth and they can help fill out your appearance, leaving you with a more confident smile.
The base of a denture is intended to mimic natural gum tissue and is made up of carefully pigmented acrylic known as polymethyl methacrylate, or PMMA. The visible PMMA surfaces are highly polished to look as natural as possible, and they also help to prevent the build-up of bacteria on your dentures to keep them feeling fresh and clean.
Upper dentures tend to cover the roof of your mouth, while the lower denture is U-shaped to ensure there is enough room for your tongue. Both upper and lower dentures rest on the gum tissue, and suction helps to keep them in place. Denture adhesive can also help secure your dentures and stop any food particles from causing discomfort, which can happen if they become trapped under the denture.
Advantages of Complete Dentures:
- Least costly treatment for replacing all teeth in an entire arch
- With today’s dental technology, dentures have a very natural looking appearance
- You can eat, smile and speak with confidence
Disadvantages of Complete Dentures:
- Upper dentures particularly can feel very bulky
- Since all mouths are different, some patients may have trouble with denture stability and comfort
- Patient’s jaw changes over time and dentures have to be relined occasionally to remain stable
It may take a little time to get used to your dentures. Talk to your dentist, they’ll be able to advise on what to expect and help put you at ease. To help keep your dentures in good shape, try and stick to a thorough daily cleaning regime.
Complete dentures can have a positive outcome on your life; bringing the smile back on your face and helping you get back to feeling like yourself.